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Considering Options in the Engineering Industry

There are a number of branches of engineering and some like civil, mechanical, chemical, electrical and aerospace are highly popular. Regardless of the branch you may be interested in, becoming an engineer takes a lot of dedication and hard work. If you are interested in engineering as a career, you first need to research the different options at your disposal. Some diverse engineering specialties that you can work in are:

• Aerospace Engineering

Designing, production and testing of airborne vehicles and machines is the foundation of aerospace engineering. As an engineer in this specialty, you may have to design parts for satellites, missiles, rockets and airplanes and then test the air vehicles under several conditions.

• Architectural Engineering

The job of an architectural engineer is to assist architects in designing buildings. While the aesthetics and function of the building is the responsibility of the architect, the engineers are responsible for making the design efficient in its utility needs and physically sound. Green buildings that want to obtain LEED certification are heavily dependent on architectural engineers.

• Bio-engineering

The integration of medicine, biology and engineering for enhancing knowledge and improving human health is bioengineering. Healthcare devices and instruments that can be used for the treatment of diseases are designed by engineers. An excellent example of this engineering is prosthetics, which are customized for each patient.

• Chemical Engineering

The designing and creation of chemicals for serving customer and industrial purposes fall under chemical engineering. The properties of chemicals have to be studied by a chemical engineer to find out its uses. Different aspects of lives are touched by this form of engineering such as food, medicine, construction and industry.

• Civil Engineering

The design of large scale projects that meet the need of communities fall under the head of civil engineering. Some of these projects like bridges, dams, transit systems and roads need engineers to study the use and impact of public projects for providing the best design that is in accordance with the needs of the community.

• Computer and Software Engineer

Developing computer technology for meeting the needs of a user is the job of a computer and software engineer. Servers, computers and communication systems between users are designed by hardware engineer whereas software engineering involves the creation of programs and applications for coming up with new ways of using hardware in order to fulfill the practical needs of the users.

• Environmental Engineers

The combination of chemistry and biology for developing solutions to various environmental problems is defined as environmental engineering. Problems like water and air pollution are tackled by environmental engineers and they develop systems that can eradicate and prevent the sources of pollution. The environmental engineering field has grown rapidly because of environmental consciousness and the growth of green industries.

• Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Factories can be structured in a better way with the help of industrial and manufacturing engineers and they improve production. They design equipment and systems for building projects. It is their job to figure out how factories should be laid out and the machines that should be used for boosting efficiency.

• Electrical Engineering

As the name indicates, electrical engineers develop products that use electricity and other electrical systems. Electrical engineers work in developing a variety of high tech products. When you become an electrical engineer, you may have to work with engineers in other fields of design as well.

• Material Engineering

The development of new materials for meeting the needs of the industry and business is called material engineering. The materials can range from fabrics, plastics, ceramics and metal. Jobs of a material engineer can be found in high tech industries, manufacturing and construction. These engineers combine physics, material science and chemistry.

• Mechanical Engineering

Creating devices and machines is the job of mechanical engineers and it is the oldest and broadest field in the engineering industry. These engineers design manufactured goods by combining chemistry, physics, biology, mathematics and other science field for creating machines that work for mankind.

• Nuclear Engineering

Working and developing devices and systems that use nuclear radiation and energy for performing tasks is the responsibility of nuclear engineers. These engineers are needed in a horde of industries such as space travel, military, healthcare, energy and advanced research.

Before selecting one of the fields in engineering, you have to decide if you have what is needed for becoming an engineer. You have to have a college degree in engineering for becoming a professional. You should always apply to schools that have strong engineering programs in the area you are interested in. Bear in mind that the environment is highly competitive and seats are rather limited. You have to get good grades once you have enrolled in an engineering program. The first and second years are quite tough so outside employment is discouraged during this time because studies have to be the primary focus.

In the third, fourth or fifth year of engineering programs, you will be offered co-ops. Most of them are paid, but there may be unpaid ones. It is important to secure high grades in order to get a co-op. This can go a long way into getting you the related and valid work experience you need for entering the job market and it can help you in getting a job after graduation. When you are near the end of your program, you can seek the assistance of the career development center of your college. They will be able to help you in designing a good resume and direct you to internships and co-ops. This eventually aids you in applying for jobs in the engineering field after you have become qualified.

You can also join a professional engineering association or society, which caters to your particular interest. A large number of networking opportunities are offered by professional organizations, which are excellent for you, whether you are seeking employment or want to advance your career further in the field of engineering. You can be a good engineer as long as you utilize practical knowledge, science and mathematics for solving problems.

Tips For Using The FRP Molded Grating Equipment For Making Quality Products Of Rubber and Plastic

Using the latest methods and technologies is vital in the construction, automobile, defense, and other manufacturing industries. With weight saving being the mantra of an ecologically minded world, but with all the qualities of strength, the use of fiber-reinforced polymer compounds or FRP have been finding more and more uses in a wide range of industries.

Composites, the Star in Industry

The technical name for a fiber-reinforced polymer mold that finds use in industry is called a composite material; they use different materials like cement, concrete, etc., and are used in the construction of buildings, bridges, tanks, household fittings like bathroom countertops, and are also used by the automobile industry to make complete structures of boat hulls and racing cars. There are many companies worldwide, especially in the Far East which specializes in making high quality products with excellent service before and after sales, and a growing client list. Some of the main requirements of these companies are the supply of pultrusion dies, sink mould, rod mould, platform mould, FRP ladder mould, beam mould, FRP window frame etc.

High Tensile Strength with Light Weight

Another important item supplied by these companies is fiberglass pultrusion products and FRP or basalt rebar items. When composite materials are manufactured with a continuous cross-section it is called pultrusions. The use of a good pultrusion die is vital in making pultrusions, and this technology, though not of any high-tech value, needs to be made with precision, and can only be achieved with lots of experience. Using this type of technology creates products that are extremely versatile as well as strong, and are used in wide-ranging ways from factories, chemical companies, and facilities for livestock. It has also found favor in the aviation industry, where many parts are made by this method, for their properties of light weight and good strength.

Rising Popularity of FRP in Construction

The construction industry has been using concrete for hundreds of years and to add strength to the concrete structure, they have been using reinforced steel bars or rebar. Unfortunately, it has been found that although providing the structure with good strength they do have a tendency to corrode, causing the encased concrete to crack. This could cause the building to weaken, and may lead to collapse in extreme cases. To prevent this, builders now use fiber-reinforced polymer in the concrete, as it does not get affected by salt in the atmosphere or the concrete, and will not corrode. Another popular use is FRP molded grating equipment as it is less expensive than using pultrusion for manufacture. Being highly resistant to corrosion, it has numerous uses in chemical or industrial plants, power plants, wastewater treatment plants, and literally anywhere where there is a high traffic density. Being corrosion-proof even under water, it has found use in underwater structures like bridges, swimming pools, runways, etc. Due to its property of being light but with a very high tensile strength than steel, it has been widely embraced by the construction industry as a whole.

How Ethical Are Your Jeans? The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

The fashion industry has received lots of bad press recently both for its unethical supply chains and unsustainable practices which include making low quality, low price fast fashion which has a very short life span before it ends up in landfill and for its toxic effluent which poison rivers. A large proportion of the population in the UK will own at least one pair of jeans and many people practically live in their jeans, making them a significant piece of clothing whose role in driving the sustainable fashion agenda is key. When it comes to ethical jeans, there is now plenty of choice from brands that are varying shades of green.

The denim industry is one that has much history. Jeans were originally designed as hardwearing work wear but over the years; they have evolved to become a fashion staple that is valued for its casual and well worn look. Often the older a pair of jeans looks, the better, even if it is really a brand new pair of jeans. In order to meet this demand for ‘worn look’ jeans, the fashion industry introduced the process of sandblasting which has been proved to cause fatal lung diseases, including silicosis for garment industry workers. Despite this knowledge and calls from campaigning organisations like the Clean Clothes Campaign, many brands still continue to sell jeans that have been aged using this dangerous process.

Right from the very beginning of its manufacture, denim is causing pollution and environmental impact. Most denim is made using conventional cotton which is grown using a large amount of chemical pesticides. Not only are these pesticides harmful to the flora and fauna in cotton farmed areas but they are dangerous for farmers, workers and those living in areas around cotton fields.

The dyeing of denim uses huge amounts of water can cause significant pollution. In Xintang in China, also known as the blue jeans capital of the world, the water runs blue and black as it is filled with the effluent from small scale dyeing units that are not equipped with any water treatment facilities. The dyes contain and chemicals used to treat denim contain heavy toxic metals such as cadmium, lead, copper and mercury.

But it is not all bad news. By their nature, a pair of jeans actually has the potential to be a great piece of sustainable fashion. Jeans never really go out of fashion and it is generally considered that a good fitting pair of jeans just gets better with age. In fact many people have an almost emotional attachment to their favourite pair of jeans, perhaps because of their comfortable fit and their ability to almost mould themselves to a person’s body shape or perhaps just the memories that are associated with them. The mantra of many people that are working towards a more sustainable future is to reduce, the amount we use, reuse and recycle. Jeans lend themselves well to all three of these actions as they are even valued as second hand and vintage clothing and often upcyled into shorts or skirts even when they are worn out. Jeans are in many ways the antithesis of fast fashion.

Some of the big players in the denim industry are cleaning up their act. In particular Levi’s is heavily involved in developing more sustainable ways of manufacturing jeans by reducing the water usage and carbon footprints of its jeans and abolishing the sand blasting process in the production of its jeans. Levi’s Water Water<Less™ jeans boast up to 96% less water usage and the brand now has 13 million products that are finished using this more eco friendly process. Diesel is also getting involved in ethical fashion with the Only The Brave Foundation, which is a not-for-profit organization founded by Renzo Rosso and supported by his group OTB (the holding company of Diesel). The mission of the organisation is to fight social inequality and to contribute to the sustainable development of less advantaged areas and people throughout the world, 90% of the organisations funds are used on projects in sub Saharan Africa. Diesel has also collaborated with ethical fashion brand EDUN to create a collection of jeans featuring Malian textile prints, embroidery details reference traditional Zulu weaving patterns and Kenyan metal work with the aim of gaining a global audience to create awareness of the creative and sustainable trade opportunities in Africa through fashion.

As mentioned previously the vintage and second hand market for jeans is a healthy one with iconic brands like Levis holding significant value. There is now even an option to rent or lease a pair of jeans from Dutch company, Mud Jeans. The customer pays an upfront fee followed by a monthly charge, at the end of the year they are given the option to send the jeans back, get a new pair or keep the jeans. The jeans are made from high-end organic cotton from Turkey. Once they are returned they are washed, repaired and reused or they are shredded and returned to the factory.

The choice of jeans brands that are both sustainable and ethical to their core is now on the increase and there is now a good choice of classic and on trend styles, fits and colours of sustainable jeans available. Monkee Genes make certified organic and bamboo jeans. They are a good example of an ethical and sustainable fashion brand that is successfully bridging the gap between sustainable and mainstream fashion with a dedicated following that goes well beyond the usual eco aware crowd. Nudie Jeans now use 100% organic cotton and are also a member of the Fair Wear Foundation which helps to ensure ethical manufacture. Kuyichi is another denim brand that places a high priority on sustainability and ethical manufacture. In fact Kuyichi are generally considered one of the earlier pioneering ethical fashion brands after been set up when their founders became disillusioned by the big players in the denim industries reluctance to use organic cotton. The brand continues to innovate and experiment with fabrics including recycled polyester, Tencel®, spare denim and hemp. Huit Jeans have revived the UK denim industry by manufacturing their jeans in a factory in Cardigan, West Wales. Not only are the jeans made from high quality organic denim and ethically produced but each one has an online history tag with which customers can record memories, experiences and pictures. The great thing about the history tag is that they increase the value of each pair of jeans, even if the jeans get handed down or end up in a second hand shop; the memories will still remain with them.

So there you have it. When it comes to sustainability and ethics, all jeans are not created equal. By spending a little time and thought when choosing your next pair of jeans, not only will you be having a positive impact on the world around you but also securing yourself a piece of clothing that you can wear and treasure for many years to come along with the memories of when you wore them.